One look at the few indices and sectors highlighted in the table above and you get the picture. The DOW was down 48 points but the Trannies rallied 32. Techs were up but semis were down. Inflation was higher than expected, meaning interest rates will remain high if not go higher, but techs and small caps rallied (counter to normal behavior). Trading volume was normal/high but up volume and advancing issues were even with down volume and declining issues. That sounds like churning to me and quite possibly evidence of distribution. All in all it was a mixed market and leaves us guessing as to what's next.
I've got a lot I want to try to cover tonight so let's dive right in. I posted some charts in yesterday's Market Wrap for both the OEX and NYSE to show why the current levels for both could mark a significant high for each of them. By significant I mean the end of the 2002-2007 bull market. That's significant because the 4-1/2 year rally, I believe, is just a bear market rally and the next leg down will very likely take out the October 2002 lows.
I had mentioned that the OEX looks ready to outperform the SPX but ran out of time to show some charts to back up that belief. Before showing the comparative charts, understand that the OEX could outperform the SPX in two different ways: one, it could rally stronger; two, it could hold up better while SPX drops faster.
OEX/SPX comparative chart, Weekly
The weekly chart shows the OEX underperforming the SPX since January. If you look at the price charts of each you can see that SPX has rallied stronger than OEX and that's what this comparative chart is showing.
OEX/SPX comparative chart chart, Daily
The daily chart shows the leg down since January. Interestingly, just as OEX has been struggling with the 670 level (as I had pointed out in yesterday's Wrap), there is a 5-wave count for the move down on the daily chart. After a 5-wave move comes a correction and that means the OEX will soon start to outperform the SPX, or SPX will start to under perform the OEX. The two scenarios then are: one, OEX is getting ready to bust through its 670 Fib resistance and accelerate higher, or OEX will roll over from here but SPX will decline faster.
For several reasons I believe in the latter scenario--I think the SPX is getting ready for a swift decline as many of the players who have been hoping for a strong rally into the spring (3rd year of the Presidential cycle and all that) suddenly bail from their positions. In contrast I believe smart money players, the owners of the bigger caps in the OEX, have been quietly distributing their stock to the masses who buy a lot of the smaller stocks seen in the SPX. Therefore there should be less selling pressure in the OEX than SPX.
There are several reasons why I believe in the market-down scenario and why I've been searching for the top. One has to do with put/call ratios. This ratio is typically used as a contrarian signal--when too many are betting on the downside and buying puts, it causes the put/call ratio to increase and very often the market does the opposite since too many were prepared for a move down and then scramble to cover their positions.
But it's been shown that smart money uses OEX puts for hedging and speculation and they're often correct. I came across two charts that were done by Elliott Wave International (EWI) that I wanted to share.
OEX Put/Call ratio, 1999-2001, courtesy Elliott Wave International
The first chart here shows the spikes in the P/C ratio in the period of 1999-2001 and shows quite well how peaks in the 15-day moving average coincided with peaks in the market. That's hardly a good contrarian signal and instead shows smart money was betting on the downside. Now look at the current chart:
OEX Put/Call ratio, 2005-2006, courtesy Elliott Wave International
The recent spike to 1.826 is higher than anything seen since 2000. Somebody is betting big that we're going to see a down period coming up soon. This is not an infallible signal as witnessed last September--the bet that we would have a down October did not pan out and in fact probably helped the rally. The huge spike up in the Fed's money creation in the last half of 2006, as I've shown for the past couple of months, probably had a lot to do with that. I don't think Bernanke will be as successful if he tries to continue that pace in money creation. He already has to deal with some of the problems created with all that excess liquidity.
So here we are with OEX pounding its head against the very important Fib area around 671 and somebody's loading up on OEX puts like we haven't seen since 2000. Which way would you like to bet your money? Go with smart money every time and you'll be right more than you're wrong.
CPI and Core CPI
Estimates for these two were slightly lower at +0.1% for CPI and +0.2% for Core CPI so the higher numbers took the market a bit by surprise, hence the negative reaction initially. That's because the higher inflation numbers (higher than the Fed's annual 1%-2% target rate) puts off any rate decrease from the Fed to no sooner than the fall. The market has not had this priced in. Bernanke said last week, when talking to Congress, that the Fed expects core inflation to drift lower, but he cautioned that if inflation doesn't drift lower then they are prepared to raise rates further (their credibility lies on the line here). Considering the huge increase in the money supply I don't doubt for one minute that that's what's going to happen.
Core CPI chart, courtesy MarketWatch
The chart shows the increases in CPI over the past 2 years. Unless and until that line gets below the bottom of the chart (2%) the Fed will have to back up its words, perhaps sooner rather than later, and raise rates to fight inflation. One can only imagine the hissy fit the market will have if that happens. If a rate increase causes a further slowing in the economy then you can see why we run the risk of stagflation. In that case no amount of money creation will fix the problem. In fact it would only make it worse. Dropping the interest rate over time would be a very slow fix. The Fed could be rapidly running out of bullets.
An obvious negative impact from the higher inflation data is to the consumer. With the CPI up and average working hours down, real (inflation-adjusted) weekly earnings fell 0.3% in January. While the real weekly earnings are up +2.1% over the past year, last month's data shows it may become even more difficult for the consumer to keep up the spending performance we've seen over the past few years. Take away the housing ATM and you can understand why a slowing consumer will cause a slowing economy. With a savings rate worse than any time since the 1932-1933 period it's not hard to imagine the consumer closing is wallet and starting a savings program in earnest.
Economists viewed the report with rose-colored glasses, as they usually do, and said the number points to continued growth in the 2nd quarter. I'm a "glass is half full" kind of guy too but one has to ask the question why is it that economists consistently miss the signals for an approaching (or currently in) recession?
Of the 10 indicators in the LEI, 4 were up, led by money supply (again, I'm shocked--cough) and consumer expectations. There were 6 indicators that were down--factory workweek, building permits, capital-goods orders, the interest-rate spread, vendor performance and consumer-goods orders. I'm not an economist but I would think the 6 that are down are pretty good leading indicators and they're not exactly bullish.
The market initially reacted negatively to the release of the minutes but then they got happy again and started to buy the dip, especially in the techs and small caps. There's going to be some hurtin' people over there when the music stops.
Now let's get the normally scheduled charts and see what's happened in the past week (or past day for those charts I showed yesterday).
DOW chart, Daily
The little Hanging Man Doji yesterday was followed by a red candle today. Sell signal #1. Price had popped above the top of the ascending wedge and close below it today. Sell signal #2. The big signal, sell signal #3 won't happen until the DOW breaks below 12536. Until that happens there is still the chance that we'll get just a pullback and then another push higher into March. But right now I like the setup for the short side and then we'll let price tell us what's next.
SPX chart, Daily
Yesterday's candlestick was not a good Hanging Man Doji since the body is a little too large but it still fits "close enough". Today's candle is a nice looking Hanging Man Doji except it would have been better for the body to be just a little higher. Again, it could be "close enough". Like the DOW, price popped above the top of the ascending wedge and today closed below it. Oscillators look ready to roll back over. It's possible to count the wave count as complete (although not ideally) and that makes the setup here a good one for the short side. If it turns out not to be THE top then just cover and we'll try it again at the next high, probably in the mid-March turn window.
Speaking of turn windows, I came across some very interesting data that shows time relationships between moves in the market. I haven't had time to draw it out on a chart but basically we have symmetry between the rally from October 2002 to the Feb 2004 high and the rally from October 2005. The first period was 490 days and the same period puts us at February 24th, +/- 4 days. That gives us a turn window (prior to the mid March window) of February 21-28.
Another interesting time relationship exists between the 2000-2002 decline and the 2002-2007 rally--the first period is 5/8 of the second time period. The numbers 5 and 8 are Fib numbers and 5 is 62% of 8. The turn window works out to a slightly wider time frame--from the same February 24th, +/- 4 days, to mid March.
So we're in the turn window now. We've got Fibs, EW count, ascending wedge sell signals, the OEX/SPX comparative charts, candlesticks and this turn window all pointing to a high probability for a market top. It's certainly worth paying attention to, especially if you're long the market.
Nasdaq-100 (NDX) chart, Daily
With the COMP pressing to a new high it seems it's just a matter of time before the NDX follows. But what if it doesn't? That would be bearish non-confirmation and yet another example of the generals (NDX) sending their troops (COMP) out ahead of them to get shot. Follow the generals. The top of the long term parallel channel, just above today's closing price, could act as resistance again. But if the tech buyers keep it up then it's possible we'll see this index press to the top of its ascending wedge, currently near 1875. That would then suggest we could see a pullback followed by more highs into late March/early April. I don't particularly like that scenario but I'll let price lead the way. Because of all the choppy price action over the past few weeks it takes a break below 1763 to indicate the rally is over. A break below 1774 would be the heads up for that to happen.
Nasdaq chart, Daily
The chart of the COMP shows the new high that it has achieved but it has done it with continuing bearish divergences. As we've seen for the other indices that doesn't mean an immediate failure but it does require caution if you're chasing this higher. The last time it pressed up against its Bollinger Band in January, as it's now doing, there was a sharp pullback.
NYSE chart, Daily
Since I showed the NYSE chart last night I thought I'd give it a quick update. It's got another Hanging Man Doji at Fib resistance, this time with a red body. It still needs a down day tomorrow to confirm (I consider today just another Doji day and not confirmation of yesterday's Hanging Man Doji. Oscillators rolling over and all the pieces are in place to call this one THE top.
OEX chart, Daily
Updating OEX's chart from yesterday shows another indecisive candlestick, bordering on another Hanging Man. With all these hangings going on you'd think someone's about to die. The market is certainly refusing to. As with the other indices, this looks like a good potential to call THE top--there are a lot of pieces in place. But if the pullback is a choppy sideways/down affair and finds support at the bottom of its ascending wedge (where its 50-dma is also located), then that will increase the chance for another push marginally higher into March. A break below 660 will set off the sell alarms.
Normally I'd show the semi chart next but it's not even worth posting until something happens. They've been lost in a trading range between $33 and $35.50 since last September. When they break out of this range I'll start showing them again. There is absolutely nothing to trade there so don't waste your time or money. It's dead money.
BIX banking index, Daily chart
The banks are looking bullish--nice rally, back above the mid line of its parallel channel, no bearish divergences and room to grow. What's not to like? Nothing, and this is reason for some caution about the broader market. If the banks are strong then the market may hold up with only a slight pullback and then press higher into March as the banks press to the top of their channel. Then everyone would be in synch for the downside. This chart says do Not get aggressive on the short side with the rest of the market yet.
U.S. Home Construction Index chart, DJUSHB, Daily
Price continues to chop up and down within its larger bear flag. Word is getting out that the spring time may not be as rosy as many were hoping. As that becomes clearer we'll see it reflected in price. Whether it drops from here or makes a stab higher again is too hard to tell. The wave pattern counts well as a complete double zigzag correction (a-b-c-x-a-b-c) and looks ready for a fall. A drop below 670 is needed to confirm the next leg down is in progress.
Oil chart, March contract, Daily
With oil consolidating near its downtrend line it looks bullish. It's also bullish when you see MACD dropping back toward the zero line while price consolidates. Therefore if I were forced to bet on oil I'd bet the long side. But the longer term pattern has me thinking lower prices for oil (below $50) and therefore I don't like the long side. A break above its last high should be a good buy signal otherwise watch for the head fake move up.
Oil Index chart, Daily
The rollover from the last high in the oil stocks looks corrective enough to suggest it's going to push higher again. Similar to the oil chart, it could literally go either way here and I don't have a high enough confidence in the short term patterns for either one of them to make that call tonight. The wave count for the oil stocks suggests this will continue to drop and based on its pattern the drop should pick up speed if it does.
Transportation Index chart, TRAN, Daily
The Trannies have had a nice run once they broke resistance at the May 2006 high. It's now approaching the top of a parallel up-channel for price action since last August, near 5200. That's an area I'd watch for failure and potential topping in its own rally.
U.S. Dollar chart, Weekly
I show a weekly chart of the US dollar to give some perspective for what it's been doing the past 2 years. The longer term wave pattern suggests the dollar is due another bounce up to match (or probably exceed) the leg up from the low at the end of 2004 to the 2005 high. That leg up I have labeled as wave-(a). The pullback since 2005 looks to be forming a descending wedge, which is typically bullish. In EW patterns these wedges (form of a triangle) are found in 4th wave and b-wave positions so it fits well for wave-(b).
It's possible, assuming we do see the dollar pull back as I've depicted, that the dollar will drop to near the December 2004 low at $80.39. Then we'd be due a strong rally into 2008 and based on (a)-(b)-(c) pattern, that rally will likely head up towards $100. That would be where the 2nd leg up, wave(c), would equal 162% of the 1st leg up, wave-(a), and it would be near the 50% retracement of the 2001-2004 decline. Then the dollar would be ready to roll over to new lows again. Why do we care about the dollar? There are lots of reasons and one is what it will do to gold.
Gold chart, April contract, Daily
Gold had a big rally today and hit a 7-month high Wednesday after this morning's CPI data showed a faster-than-expected rise in inflation in January. Gold is typically used as an inflation hedge. The other shiny metals were up as well--silver rose 44.3 cents to $14.273 an ounce, platinum rose $14.10 to $1,233.20 an ounce and palladium was up $4.40 at $344.15 an ounce. Even copper was up 6.85 cents at $2.6545 a pound.
But gold is nearing what could be tough resistance. The Fib projection for two equal legs up near 692 is right on top of the 62% retracement of last year's May-October decline. It's possible the bounce from October is just a bear flag pattern in which case we'll get another leg down in gold to equal last year's. That would give us a downside target near $500.
Whether gold will press higher if the dollar continues to drop is the big unknown. If inflation fears start to subside but the dollar continues to drop then I could see the two dropping in synch. If the dollar turns around and breaks its downtrend line and gets above $86 then the dollar rally will have already begun and that would support the idea that gold will start its next leg down. It will pay to keep these two in your weekly reviews if you trade either one.
Results of today's economic reports and tomorrow's reports include the following:
There is nothing in tomorrow's economic reports that should be market moving so the market will be left to its own concerns. There are no major reports on Friday either so the rest of the week will be quiet in that respect.
The takeaway from tonight's charts is that we are once again (still) at a point where it's a great setup for the top to be in. While we could get a pullback that leads to another push higher in March, which will become more obvious if the pullback is choppy. Each pullback within the ascending wedges have been corrective which were then followed by minor new highs. THE top will be followed by an impulsive move down (no overlapping highs and lows in each leg down) so we'll need the evidence in the drop to tell us whether or not there's a good chance we're starting something more serious to the downside.
I've identified key levels on the charts to show where we'll have better proof that the bulls are done. But I'm trying to call a top so that you can try to establish some better paying bear call spreads (or sell them even further out of the money), buy some puts (cheaper), protect your long positions (pull up your stops), or whatever else you like to do with a top.
I think tonight is as good a setup as we'll see for a top. Proof now will be in the decline. If the decline in the blue chips continues then the techs and small caps could be trying to swim upstream. If the techs and small caps drag the blue chips higher then I suspect it will continue in a very choppy manner (another indication of topping action) and I would continue to watch it carefully for failure. Once again, hopefully this time next week we'll have confirmation for where this will head next--we'll either be well into a decline or chopping around still. Choppy price action would indicate the turn window in mid March is the more probable time for a top. Good luck in your trading and I'll be back next Wednesday (and on the Market Monitor for those who follow it).
Freeport McMoran - FCX - cls: 58.48 chg: +1.99 stop: 55.85
Why We Like It:
BUY CALL APR 55.00 FCX-DK open interest=147 current ask $5.70
Picked on February xx at $ xx.xx <-- see TRIGGER
Allegheny Tech - ATI - cls: 107.62 change: +4.63 stop: 102.49*new*
Steel stocks displayed a lot of strength today. Investors responded positively to better than expected earnings from Arcelor Mittal (MT). Shares of ATI reacted with a 4.49% gain on better than average volume. The stock closed at another new high. More conservative traders may want to exit immediately although we suspect that ATI will hit our target ($109.00-110.00 range) tomorrow. We are raising our stop loss to $102.49.
Picked on February 18 at $102.59
Boeing - BA - close: 90.96 change: -0.07 stop: 87.99
Boeing garnered some additional good news today after it was released that British Airways was choosing Boeings' 777s over rival Airbus' A330s. Yet the positive press was not enough to fuel a breakout in shares of BA. The stock rallied to resistance at the $92 level and failed again. We remain bullish and we're sticking to our plan to use a trigger to buy calls at $92.51. If triggered our target is the $99.50-100.00 range. More aggressive traders may want to jump in early on a bounce near $90 or a move over $92.00. FYI: The P&F chart shows a fresh triple-top breakout buy signal with a $107 target.
Picked on February xx at $ xx.xx <-- see TRIGGER
Diageo - DEO - close: 81.44 change: -0.55 stop: 78.45
DEO lost 0.6% as it continues to digest the bullish breakout from last week. Readers may want to wait and watch for a pull back near the $80.00 level or at least near its simple 10-dma (around 80.45) before considering new bullish call positions. Our short-term target is the $84.75-85.00 range although more aggressive traders may want to aim higher. FYI: The P&F chart points to an $89 target.
Picked on February 14 at $ 81.04
Chinese iShares - FXI - close: 107.99 chg: +0.78 stop: 103.99
The FXI ishares continue to creep higher. The ETF's breakout from its pennant-shaped pattern is more noticeable now as is the bullish buy signal on the daily chart's MACD indicator. We would still consider new positions here. Our target is the $114.00-115.00 range. We do expect some resistance near $110 so expect a short-term pull back after testing the $110 region.
Picked on February 18 at $106.90
OM Group - OMG - close: 53.00 change: +1.11 stop: 49.75 *new*
Wednesday proved to be a bullish session for OMG. The stock finally broke out over resistance at the $52.00 level and closed with a 2.1% gain. Volume continues to come in very low, which is a yellow flag for the bulls. More conservative traders may want to strongly consider an early exit tomorrow to lock in a gain. We are adjusting our stop loss to $49.75. Our target is the $54.00-55.00 range.
Picked on January 25 at $ 48.05
Research In Motion - RIMM - cls: 141.98 chg: +0.36 stop: 132.39
With the markets struggling to maintain their upward momentum on Wednesday shares of RIMM bounced around the $139-143 range. We do not see any changes from our previous comments on RIMM. There is potential resistance near $142.50 and $145.00 at the November and January highs but we suspect that given the current bullishness for stocks that RIMM can trade higher. Our target is the $149.00-150.00 range. We do have a wide stop loss placing it under last week's low. The P&F chart has reversed into a buy signal and points to a $176 target.
Picked on February 20 at $140.51
Rio Tinto - RTP - cls: 222.62 chg: +0.65 stop: 212.45
Metal stocks were generally higher today. Gold miners certainly had a tailwind. The core CPI number today renewed inflation fears and the gold futures contract soared $23 to $684 an ounce. RTP mines for several different types of metals and minerals. Gold is definitely one of them. The stock gapped down at the open but traders bought the dip near RTP's rising 10-dma. Shares rallied into the green and produced a bullish engulfing candlestick. We remain bullish and readers can pick their entry points in the $217-225 range. RTP will probably have some resistance at its November 2006 highs near $230 but our target is the $237.50-240.00 range. FYI: RTP is a high-dollar stock and is bound to see some bigger swings (volatility) and this makes the options somewhat "expensive". Consider this a more aggressive play.
Picked on February 14 at $221.15
Sears Holding - SHLD - cls: 188.78 chg: -0.30 stop: 179.89
A rise in crude oil prices and concerns over inflation undermined any strength in the retail sector. One could argue that SHLD's lack of real profit taking is a sign of relative strength. The stock looks poised to challenge the $190 level soon. The $190 level might be short-term resistance so don't be surprised to see a pull back from here. More conservative traders might want to consider taking some money off the table. We are going to tighten the stop loss to $179.89. The Point & Figure chart points to a $228 target. We are aiming for the $195.00-200.00 range. We do not want to hold over the mid March earnings.
Picked on February 14 at $183.64
MarineMax - HZO - close: 23.24 change: -0.26 stop: 24.25
HZO did pull back on Wednesday but it doesn't look like a very convincing failed rally yet. We are still concerned about a potential short squeeze. We are not suggesting new positions. More conservative traders may want to exit immediately following Tuesday's breakout over short-term resistance near $23.00. Our target is the $20.25-20.00 range.
Picked on February 11 at $ 22.59
Meritage - MTH - close: 42.84 change: -0.49 stop: 45.26
The higher than expected CPI numbers this morning fanned the coals of inflation fears and pushed back expectations of a rate cute by the FOMC. This produced a negative impact on the homebuilders. Shares of MTH gapped open lower and eventually closed with a 1.1% loss. We would wait for a new decline under $42.00 before considering new positions. More conservative traders might want to tighten their stops. The P&F chart has produced a triple-breakdown sell signal with a $37.00 target. We are aiming for the $37.50-37.00 range.
Picked on February 11 at $ 41.99
RTI Int. - RTI - close: 87.56 change: +0.58 stop: 79.75
Target achieved. Traders bought the dip near $85.00 this morning and shares of RTI rallied to $88.09 before paring their gains. Our target was the $88.00-90.00 range. Technically the bounce near $85 looked like another entry point for bullish positions and the next level of overhead resistance is probably $90.00.
Picked on January 31 at $ 81.75
Harley Davidson - HOG - cls: 70.24 chg: +0.43 stop: 70.11
We have been stopped out of HOG at $70.11. Shares of HOG continued to rebound following news out late Friday night that the company had reached a tentative agreement with its striking workers. The breakout over round-number resistance at $70 is bullish.
Picked on February 11 at $ 67.80
I sometimes wonder, especially when I see all the complex chart and indicator analysis that can get thrown at you in these daily e-mails, if I am not too simplistic in my KISSES; as in "Keeping It Simple Stupid". The stupid would be me if the best market analysis is the MOST complex, which is a dialectical principle well known in the old Soviet empire; that is, quantity becomes quality. The more stuff pumped out, the more desirable, valuable, etc. that it (the analysis in this case) is.
In my years in Wall Street, or as I like to think of it fondly at the Street of Dreams, a good number of the most successful individual traders I knew or knew of from close associates, operating on guts, experience, instinct, some technical principles, charts, etc. had fairly simple rules in predicting market trends from hour to hour, day to day, and week to week. Here I am not talking about the 'quants' or bright computer geeks such as those using very sophisticated arbitrage models and the like to make a lot of net (often small) profitable trades.
I am talking about the likes of Paul Tudor Jones, my old mentor Mark Weinstein (not the market analyst), who you've never heard of and never will, S&P Index Trader Marty Swartz, currency trader Ed Seykota; well, Ed always pretty much used computer models, but his psychological insights as to who wins in trading was/is very straightforward and masterful.
Anyhow, I was thinking about the fact that I like to use the concepts of 'overbought' and 'oversold' in trading, but how to employ such a tool as the Relative Strength Index (RSI) in a strongly TRENDING market requires not giving up this analysis tool or indicator entirely, but also knowing under what conditions, mostly in what chart TIME FRAME, the indicator would be useful as a timing tool.
This market has had a number of price swings in BOTH directions in the Indexes, with knowing where pullbacks might develop sometimes just useful as to when to take profits on calls and then judging when to get back in (to calls). Of course many stocks have been going up, but others have had sizable declines along the way or have traded in a broad range. It is perceived of course that individual stocks, especially the high-beta ones with sizable trading swings, are where you could and maybe should trade in and out more.
Trading in and out is more difficult in the stock indices with a dominant strong trend, but it can also be difficult to just buy and hold like a stock. We got TIME PREMIUMS to worry about, which is a big concern when the trend goes sideways for some days and weeks.
** E-MAIL QUESTIONS/COMMENTS **
Take, for example, the case of a stock that for five months, or 5 years even, has never traded at a price that was greater than 10% of its closing average for the prior 200 days. Then comes a period when there is such a steep advance that the stock reaches a price that puts it 20-25% above this same average; this stock may be considered to be "overbought". Overbought is a relative term and implies a trading judgment that that major surges in buying (or selling) well in excess of what is usual on an historical basis, also creates an increasing likelihood that the stock price will correct.
Another example of an overbought condition might make an assumption about a stock INDEX that has closed higher for 10 days straight if this price behavior is "over" or beyond what is usual for this index, the assumption is that prices are vulnerable to snapping back; a rubber band analogy is a good one, as market valuations get stretched, so to speak, but then tend to also come back to a mean or an average.
The concept of overbought and oversold refer to rallies or declines that are steeper than usual, but the degree of this can vary a good deal in terms; there is no precise, objective or agreed upon measurement. I tend to talk about the 2-3 day or 2-3 week trading horizons.
The classic technical indicators that you can 'apply' to a chart with most trading software on charting (web) sites, are the Relative Strength Index or RSI, the (slow) Stochastic model and the MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence). These indicators tend to be used with the same basic formulas, and what VARIES is the 'length' setting; that is, how many bars the indicator references. Use of the term 'bars' means that for any time frame being charted, such as 15, 30, 60 minutes, a day, a week or month, the indicator will take X number of bars and calculate based on the CLOSING price for 5, 10, 14, 21, etc. hourly, daily or weekly bars or trading periods.
I like the RSI for its precision and it is basically a ratio of an average of UP closes, relative to an average of DOWN closes for the period specified as 'length'. If a stock or an index goes pretty much straight up or straight down for 13 (trading) days, in the case of a 13-period RSI used on a daily chart, the RSI is going to shoot up to the upper end of its SCALE. The scale in a so-called 'normalized' overbought/oversold indicator oscillates between zero and 100 and the formula for these so-called 'oscillators' is designed that way; unlike the MACD, a similar type indicator, but one that requires comparing current levels to past periods, not a high number near 100 or a low number near zero.
The historical RSI level considered 'overbought' is 70 and above; for 'oversold', it is at or under 30. I tend to find that a ZONE between 65 and 70, and above, is the area to look at on the upside; on the downside, focus on the 35-30 zone and under, as defining an index or stock that is getting 'oversold' potentially.
NOT WORTH A PILE OF MANURE
In a strongly trending market, such as in the rising/bull market we've been in, concepts of overbought and oversold mean about as much as the foregoing title line. Indexes or stocks soar up to the upper end of the RSI scale and tend not to come back down on a DAILY or WEEKLY chart basis, as there may not be (for a long time) any period when a counter-trend move puts the indicator back down even close to an 'oversold' reading. Such is the nature of bull markets; or, of the reverse situation in a bear trend where the indicator drops to the lower end of the scale and then never really rises enough to suggest an 'overbought' situation.
My first chart, that of the daily S&P 500 (SPX) Index demonstrates all the foregoing well as to a market that gets 'overbought' supposedly but not 'oversold'. In the SPX chart 13-day RSI, of what trading use is an indicator like this registering just an upper overbought area? Zero!
The RSI shown above, as reflecting price action, doesn't fall back to an 'oversold' reading and suggest perhaps another buying opportunity.
We're told that the RSI and other oscillator type indicators are useful mostly or only in a TRADING RANGE market. It's hard to find examples of stocks that are in a defined 'trading range', but there are some having back and forth price swings within this strong bull market trend we're in. I probably could have found other examples using other Dow stocks, but the Intel daily chart below, also employing a 13-day RSI indicator below the price graph, does show some up (overbought) AND down (oversold) extremes:
There HAS been a useful length and chart setting suggesting the points where an overbought and oversold condition sets up on a 21-hour basis. (21, along with 13, being a Fibonacci number.) I note in the S&P 100 (OEX) hourly line (close-only) chart below the approximate point value of price swings that occurred from 21-hour RSI readings in the overbought zone, followed by hourly RSI readings in the oversold zone and vice-versa.
I use a zone between 65 and 70 (and above) to 'define' an overbought condition and a zone between 35 and 30 (and below) to define an oversold reading. I picked an index has an active option trade but hasn't exactly been where the 'action' is; nevertheless that have been some good trading swings.
Not all oversold readings shown above were followed by a peak reading in the overbought zone; not all overbought readings were followed by a move that results in an RSI reading in or below the oversold zone. We can't just rely on just this indicator to trade by, but its been VERY useful to suggest areas to buy, areas to sell, assuming you are looking to trade some of the 2-3 day, 2-3 week price swings that developed in past weeks.
My next and last chart is looking at the same hourly chart and RSI setting, only for the Nasdaq 100 (NDX). Enough said, a 'picture' here should we worth more words on this subject; and give you some ideas of a very useful way to use an indicator that hasn't been of much practical use on daily or weekly charts and you may have discarded so to speak.
Hopefully, your charting application will allow you to look at a longer period than say 10 days of hourly data. The more the better! My hourly data, stored 'locally' on my PC, goes back for many months.
GOOD TRADING SUCCESS!
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