Last week uncertainty was rampant and neither side was showing any conviction. Nothing has changed in a week other than possibly for the worse. I have been cautioning about a potential market top as the indexes made news highs and earnings continue to disappoint. There are a lot of holders from the October highs thinking "if we can just get back to where I was in October, I am getting out."

We are also facing the "Sell in May and go away. Come back after Labor Day." Very few investors want to be sitting on a bunch of profits over the summer while they are off on a beach with their kids and not watching the market. Many investors have lost months of gains during the summer doldrums while they were on vacation. When that happens to you once, you never let it happen again.

The last six years the sell in May cycle has not played out as expected with markets making small gains over the summer months. That does not mean there was not volatility but over multiple months any losses were minimal. Unfortunately, the sell in May trend tends to appear the most after big market gains. With the major indexes up about 20% for the year, this would be a good place to pocket some of those gains.

Potentially lifting the market again is rumors of an impending trade deal with China. President Trump said on Tuesday that the negotiations would conclude "one way or another" within two weeks. Markets were soft on that news. On Wednesday, CNBC was quoting "sources" that claimed a trade deal would be announced by next Friday. The market would probably have been up except that Fed Chairman Powell killed any hopes of a rate cut in the post FOMC press conference and the market lost traction.

On Wednesday night the Asian markets were mixed despite the comments about a potential trade deal. I have warned multiple times that the prospects of a deal are already priced into the market and other than a brief spike on an announcement, we could see post deal excitement fade fast. This has great potential for a sell the news event.

On the positive side, as of this morning the earnings forecast for Q1 had risen to 0.5% growth. This comes after being negative for the last 6-weeks. Just going from negative to positive is good but nobody is going to get very excited about a 0.5% growth rate. The rising dollar will knock off a couple points in Q2 so that number is still underwater.

The S&P closed back below prior new high resistance with a 22 point drop on Wednesday. While the futures are slightly positive at +2 on Wednesday evening, I have no confidence we are going to make new highs. It is entirely possible, but I saw too many bearish charts today.

The Apple earnings after the bell on Tuesday lifted Apple shares by 6% to $215 but they closed $5 below the intraday high but still managed a $10 gain. There should be some consolidation there in the days ahead. Apple's impact on the indexes is huge with 10% to 17% weighting depending on the index. Despite Apple's $10 gain on Wednesday the markets closed lower on the FOMC comments. That could reverse on Thursday since neither event will be repeated but Nasdaq futures are only up 9 points. That is not a lot of conviction.

The S&P has support back at 2,900 and again at 2,872. Those are the levels we should watch.


The Dow continues to fight right shoulder resistance at 26,616 and has not made a new high. This is rapidly becoming a weak link now that most of the Dow components are in post earnings depression.



I switched to call spreads this week in keeping with my view that the market could have trouble moving higher. Big cap stocks may recover and try to lead but the small to midcap stocks are showing shrinking market breadth and could continue to be weak.

Enter passively, exit aggressively!

Jim Brown

Send Jim an email



Current Portfolio


The fourth column in the portfolio graphic is the earnings date. We will always exit a position before that date unless specifically mentioned otherwise in the play description.

Lines in blue were previously closed.

Current positions



Current Position Changes


NVDA - Nvidia (May Put Spread)

Nvidia fell sharply after Elon Musk talked up the Tesla processor and misrepresented the Nvidia processor for self-driving cars. We were stopped out at the open on Thursday.

Closed May $155 short put, entry $3.00, exit $1.59, +1.41 gain.
Close May $145 long put, entry $1.54, currently .77, -.77 loss.



TSLA - Tesla Inc (May Short Put)

We closed the short put on Tesla at the open on Thursday. While I doubt it would have ever had a chance of being in the money, shares have dropped nearly $40 since we entered the position.

Closed May $150 short put, entry $2.42, exit .52, +1.90 gain.



BIIB - Biogen Idec (May Put Spread)

We closed the remaining long put last Thursday at the open after Biogen rolled over and began heading towards support in the biotech crash. Unfortunately, Biogen spiked at the open so we lost the buildup in the put premium.

Closed May $195 long put, entry .79, exit .10, -.69 loss.
Previously closed: May $210 short put, entry $2.88, exit $3.20, -.32 loss.



New Recommendations


WSM - Williams-Sonoma (June Call Spread)

The retailer closed at a two month low and appears headed to retest support at $50. Shares rose on an earnings beat but quickly rolled over and the stock and sector are moving lower.

Earnings June 16th.

Sell short June $60 Call, currently $1.10, stop loss $57.50.
Buy long June $65 Call, currently $.40, no stop loss.
Net credit 70 cents.



FL - Footlocker (June Call Spread)

Shares are heading lower at a high rate of speed. Basketball is about over and the court shoe selling season goes with it. When the big name players are not on TV every week, the enthusiasm for high dollar shoes fades. Shares closed at a 3-month low on Wednesday.

Earnings May 24th. We will exit before earnings.

Sell short June $62.50 call, currently $1.45, stop loss $60.25.
Buy long June $70 call, currently .40, no stop loss.
Net credit $1.05.



THO - Thor Industries (June Call Spread)

Thor posted a big miss on earnings and the rise in gasoline prices are going to weaken Q2/Q3 as well. Shares closed at a three-week low post earnings and are falling sharply. There is no excitement in the stock in a environment with high fuel costs.

Earnings June 5th.

Sell short June $70 call, currently $1.70, stop loss $68.15.
Buy long June $80 call, currently 30 cents. No stop loss.
Net credit $1.40.



Existing Option Writer Positions (Alpha by Symbol)

THESE ARE NOT CURRENT RECOMMENDATIONS. These are prior recommendations that are still active in the portfolio. Do NOT act on the plays described in this section. This is the archive of prior recommendations in the current portfolio.


ADBE - Adobe Systems (May Short Put 3/21)

Last Friday Adobe fell $16 on an earnings disappointment. Shares are rebounding with a $4 gain today. The low in the drop was $252 and shares have already rebounded to $264. We should be able to sell the $245 put with a degree of relative safety.

For those that cannot sell short puts you can turn this into a spread by purchasing the May $235 put, currently $1.96 for a $1.29 credit.

Earnings June 13th.

Sell short May $245 put, currently $3.25, stop loss $255.85.


ADSK - Autodesk (June Put Spread 4/24)

Autodesk broke out to a new high after a short dip in mid April. All the commentary is positive and Mizuho initiated coverage with a buy rating and $200 price target. It has had a good run but companies making new highs tend to keep making new highs.

Earnings May 30th. We will close before earnings.

Sell short June $155 Put, currently $2.94, stop loss $169.85.
Buy long June $140 Put, currently $1.33, no stop loss.
Net credit $1.61.


BIIB - Biogen (May Put Spread 3/28)

Shares of Biogen fell 30% after they cancelled a trial for a promising Alzheimer drug. This was six days ago and after a brief attempt at follow through, shares have begun to tick up. I think if they were going to decline again is would have already happened. Biogen is a large company with dozens of drugs in the pipeline. Historically, for every ten drugs that move into the testing phase only one is approved for use. It is a risky business but the rewards were huge. The Alzheimers drug was expected to produce $10-$12 billion a year in revenue. This was a hit but that revenue was not already factored into the stock. The drug would not have gone to market for at least another two years. That means the drop was overdone and sellers should be exhausted.

I am using a wide spread because the margin is cheaper than a simply naked put.

Earnings are April 30th so we will exit early.

Sell short May $210 put, currently $3.20, stop loss $224.85.
Buy long May $195 put, currently $1.40, no stop loss.
Net credit $1.80.

Update 4/24: Biotech and drug stocks have been crashing for the last two weeks on the Medicare for All proposals. This knocked us out of the short put on the 18th.

Closed May $210 Short Put, entry $2.88, exit $3.20, -.32 loss.
Close May $195 long put, entry .79, currently .40, -.39 loss.


CRM - Salesforce.com (May Put Spread 3/21)

Salesforce.com is another stock that suffered badly after earnings on March 4th. Shares fell from $165 to $150. Over the last two weeks they have completely erased that drop and closed at a new high on Thursday. I wanted to sell a put on it but the premium is not strong enough so I am going to recommend a spread.

Earnings June 3rd.

Sell short May $155 put, currently $2.19, stop loss $160.65.
Buy long May $145 put, currently .94, no stop loss.
Net credit $1.25.

Update 3/28: CRM was hammered after 50 women filed suit against the company saying they built customized apps for prostitution site Backpage.com that allowed pimps and johns to be matched up with them for illicit sex. I have no view on this since it would be a little more personal than suing Microsoft because backpage servers ran Windows software. Customized apps could me a lot of different things to different people. Regardless, shares fell nearly $20 to stop us out.

Closed May $155 short put, entry $2.34, exit $4.00, -1.76 loss.
Retain May $145 long put, entry 1.16, currently $2.51, +1.35 gain. No stop loss.

Update 4/24: Salesforce rebounded sharply after the prior week dip and stopped us out of the long put side of the spread.

Closed May $145 long put, entry $1.16, exit $2.06, +.90 gain.

Previously closed May $155 short put, entry $2.24, exit $4.00, -1.70 loss.
Net loss 80 cents.


CRM - SalesForce.com (June Put Spread 4/24)

We were closed out of our last position in CRM but I am going to try it again. Option premiums are high and there is strong support around $155 on the last three drops. At this point all the bad news should be prices into the stock. Shares spiked last week on news they bought SalesForce.org, a related company and SalesForce Investments. Basically, the parent company is reducing its complexity of having a handful of related businesses and instead fold them into the parent. SalesForce.org sold CRM services to schools, hospitals and non profits.

Earnings June 3rd. We will close before earnings.

Sell short June $145 Put, currently $2.73, stop loss $155.25
Buy long June $130 Put, currently 87 cents, no stop loss.
Net credit $1.86.


FB - Facebook (May Short Put 3/14)

Facebook shares are chopping around in the $170 range with solid support at $160. They are battling headlines about security and privacy and government intervention. I believe they have government stagnation in their favor. Lawmakers are too concerned about fighting each other than actually passing privacy laws.

Earnings May 1st, must exit before earnings.

Sell short May $150 Put, currently $2.04, stop loss $159.85.

Update 3/21: Facebook had a bad week falling from $174 to $159 on day after day headlines about privacy issues and potential regulator problems. This was before the news on Thursday that Facebook had let employees see hundreds of millions of passwords. Estimates are more than 600 million passwords were stores in plain text without any encryption and accessible by Facebook employees. Early in the week the stock dropped after Facebook was unsuccessful in completely removing the live video posted by the New Zealand shooter. More than 1.5 million clips were deleted but they keep showing back up again from copies saved by users.

3/18: Stopped May $150 Put, entry $2.48, exit $4.19, -1.71 loss.


FIVE - Five Below (June Put Spread 4/24)

FIVE is on a rocket ride to new highs. Analysts are falling all over themselves to upgrade it with higher price targets. We know this vertical ramp will not last forever but it is not showing any signs of slowing. I am hoping that is what it will do. We will finally see a top and then a sideways consolidation phase while the market decides where it wants to go for the summer.

Earnings June 26th.

Sell short June $130 Put, currently $3.00, stop loss $138.85.
Buy long June $120 Put, currently $1.50, no stop loss.
Net credit $1,50.


MSFT - Microsoft (May Put Spread 3/14)

Microsoft is nearing one billion Windows 10 installations and it will not be long before they move to the next version. This is a money printing juggernaut. Shares are about to break out to a new high.

Earnings May 1st. Must exit before earnings.

Sell short May $105 Put, currently $1.13, stop loss $111.85
Buy long May $95 Put, currently .39, no stop loss.
Net credit 74 cents.

Update 3/28: Shares dipped with the rest of the tech sector and just enough to stop us out on Wednesday. The long side is still open. I considered reopening the short side at the current 88 cents, but the market trend is still negative.

Closed May $105 short put, entry $1.04, exit $1.11, -.07 loss.
Retain May $95 long put, entry .30, currently .28. No stop loss.


NVDA - Nvidia (May Short Put/Put Spread 3/21)

Nvidia has recovered from the January and early March beatings and has surged to a new 5-month high. Premiums are not as high as I expected, and I am going to recommend a spread. You could sell just the put but your risk will be a little higher.

Earnings May 16th.

Sell short May $155 put, currently $2.73, stop loss $167.25.
Buy long May $145 put, currently $1.53, no stop loss.
Net credit $1.20.


PYPL - Paypal (May Put Spread 3/28)

Shares are moving steadily higher without a lot of volatility. There is decent support at $101. This is not a wide spread so margin is minimal. Readers have been asking for some simple, low risk spreads.

Earnings May 1st.

Sell short May $95 put, currently $1.26, stop loss $100.50.
Buy long May $90 put, currently .65, no stop loss,
Net credit 61 cents.


SHOP - Shopify (May Short Put 3/14)

Shopify is on a roll. The prior week decline in a bad market barely dented the rise in the shares and they have sprinted $30 higher in the last five days. One analyst said the price could double.

Earnings May 14th, must exit before earnings.

Sell short May $180 Put, currently $5.50, stop loss $198.85.

Update 3/21: Shopify shares fell $10 at the open on the 19th after Facebook announced the launch of Instagram Checkout which allows users to pay for items without leaving Instagram. Bloomberg said this means shoppers will have an alternate method of payment that does not being consumers into the Shopify platform. Not only will this reduce overall merchandize and payment volume for Shopify but it prevents other opportunities to market Shopify products after the sale.

3/18: Stopped, May $180 short Put, entry $5.80, exit $7.00, -1.20 loss.


SHOP - Shopify (May Short Put 3/28)

Shares peaked on March 14th and have been drifting sideways to slightly lower. Support has formed at $198 and shares gained $3 on Thursday in a choppy market. The stock may be getting ready to take another run at a new high.

Earnings May 14th.

Sell short May $170 put, currently $3.50, stop loss $194.85.

Update 4/24: For the second time in two weeks we were stopped out of a SHOP position. The stock has become volatile at the top of its recent run.

Closed May $170 short put, entry $3.70, exit $4.20, -.50 loss.


TSLA - Tesla Inc (May Put Spread 3/21)

All of the problems being created by Elon Musk has created some serious volatility in Tesla options. The judge gave him one more day to file his response to the SEC assertions that he tweeted restricted information without getting the tweet approved. The range of sanctions could start with another massive fine, some sort of additional restrictions all the way up to removing him as CEO. The option premiums are priced for a complete disaster. I don't think the court will remove him as CEO because it would harm the millions of shareholders. There would be an immediate appeal to void the ruling and it would take months to go to trial. There would likely be a knee jerk reaction but Tesla the company is not likely to go to $150 a share just because Musk continues to act like a spoiled child.

Obviously, this position has risk but only if the stock drops from $274 to $150, almost a 50% haircut overnight. That is not likely to happen. Any minor judgement will erase the put premiums in a heartbeat.

Earnings May 1st. We will exit before earnings.

Sell short May $150 put, currently $2.23, stop loss $245.00. (2-year low)


UBNT - Ubiquiti Networks (May Short Put 3/14)

Major post earnings spike followed by a minor pullback last week with the decline in the Nasdaq. This put is way out of the money and we can put the stop loss just under the low for the week.

Earnings May 10th, must exit before earnings.

Sell short May $120 Put, currently $3.40, stop loss $134.65.

Update 3/28: Shares dipped just enough in the market drop on Monday to stop us out. Premiums spiked on the Nasdaq dip and it was a big loss.

Closed May $120 short put, entry $3.80, exit $5.60, -1.80 loss.


URI - United Rentals (June Put Spread 4/24)

United posted earnings of $3.31 that beat estimates for $3.03. Revenue of $2.1 billion was also a beat. The company said we are about to enter our "busy season with the strongest service offering in our history, given the strategic investments we have made in our business, including acquisitions, to best support our customers." Shares spiked $12 and are still moving higher a week later after breaking over resistance at $137.

Sell short June $130 Put, currently $2.50, stop loss $134.50.
Buy long June $120 Put, currently $1.15, no stop loss.
Net credit $1.35.


Margin Requirements:

There are several different formulas for determining margin requirements for naked put writing. These are normally broker specific and some can require larger margin requirements than others.

Here is the most common margin calculation for naked puts.

100% of the option premium + ((20% of the Underlying Market Value) - (OTM Value))

For simplicity of calculation simply use 20% of the underlying stock price and you will always be safe. ($25 stock * 20% = $5 margin)


Prices Quoted in Newsletter

At Option Investor we have a long-standing policy prohibiting the editors and staff from actually trading the individual recommendations in order to conform to SEC rules concerning trades.

The prices quoted in the newsletter are the end of day prices in most cases.

When discussing fills or stops the prices quoted are the bid/ask at the time the entry trigger or exit stop is hit. This is NOT a price that someone on staff actually got using a live order.

For entry/exit points at the market open the prices quoted will be the opening print. The majority of the time the readers are able to get a better fill than the opening print because of market maker bias at the open.

For trades with an opening qualification the prices quoted will be the bid/ask at the time the qualification was met.

All of these rules normally produce worse prices than an active trader would normally get. Because they are standardized there may be some cases where a price quoted was better than an actual fill. If you received a price that was dramatically different than what was quoted please let us know.